Last Modified Date: October 17, 2020. The center of any such discourse seeks to fix the precise meaning of the concepts it uses. This proves his assertion that "all is textual play with no connection with original truth." What this means is that the precise meaning of the words that we use is always open, never fixed. According to Derrida, Austin makes great play upon the role that intentions and literal meaning have in securing meaning. Derrida appears to delight in refuting the Law of Identity. Derrida here borrows a notion from psychoanalysis—desire—suggesting that the fact of a contradiction indicates a semi-repressed desire. Sign up now, Latest answer posted April 20, 2012 at 2:44:52 AM, Latest answer posted June 21, 2016 at 1:10:15 PM, Latest answer posted January 07, 2018 at 10:25:34 PM, Latest answer posted April 17, 2015 at 5:57:13 PM, Latest answer posted April 26, 2013 at 3:48:05 PM. Free play ( French: jeu libre) is a literary concept from Jacques Derrida 's 1966 essay, "Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences". Top subjects are Literature, Social Sciences, and Business. According to Jaques Derrida, "play" is elemental in the concept of the integrity, the unity, of absence and presence, which are the play of difference. And secondly, because language, of its very nature, involves "freeplay.". But in a nutshell his concept of play challenges the traditionally structured approach to human knowledge. Play, then, is whatever goes against the organization and coherence of the structure. Under a centered structure, free play is based on a fundamental ground of the immobility and indisputability of the centre, on what Derrida refers to “as the metaphysics of presence”. And even today the notion of a structure lacking any center represents the unthinkable itself.— "Structure, Sign and Play" in Writing and Difference, p. 278, Besides the tension of freeplay with history, there is also the tension of freeplay with presence. No doubt that by orienting and organizing the coherence of the system, the center of a structure permits the freeplay of its elements inside the total form. In his essay, Derrida speaks of a philosophical " event " that has occurred to the historic foundation of structure. The presence of an element is always a signifying and substitutive reference inscribed in a system of differences and the movement of a chain. Anything related to Derrida is notoriously difficult to explain. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Please cite all the binary oppositions to... What does Derrida argue in his essay "Plato's Pharmacy?". But, Derrida points out, neither intentionality nor literal language alone are sufficient conditions for the generation of meaning. Play . Play is "the disruption of presence." Play is in concepts. Whether in science, philosophy, or history, knowledge in the Western tradition has always been grounded in a structure whose ultimate basis lies in a fixed point or center. But Derrida argues that this is impossible, as the inherently playful nature of language, with its multiplicity of different meanings, militates against it. Free play (French: jeu libre) is a literary concept from Jacques Derrida's 1966 essay, "Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences". The function of this center was not only to orient, balance, and organize the structure—one cannot in fact conceive of an unorganized structure—but above all to make sure that the organizing principle of the structure would limit what we might call the freeplay of the structure. Play is " the disruption of presence." In terms of language, however, Derrida argues that the notion of a unifying center is impossible. Without this centralized reference, all that is left is "free play". That being the case, the very notion of a fixed point or center in all forms of human discourse—which, of necessity, employ language—is irrelevant. What also needs to be attended to, Derrida argues, is the issue of ‘iterability‘. How you could link "différance," the literary theory of Derrida, with literature to show the function of différance? There are two reasons for this. According to the back cover of a collection of essays by Derrida titles Limited Inc, Derrida’s “most controversial idea” is “linguistic meaning is fundamentally indeterminate.” Derrida’s conclusion here is self-contradictory and therefore false because, if linguistic meaning is fundamentally indeterminate, then so is the linguistic meaning of that statement. The concept of differance is a complex theorythat tries to illuminate the way words are used and how their specific meaning is derived. In his essay, Derrida speaks of a philosophical "event" that has occurred to the historic foundation of structure. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. That is what we mean when we say that Derrida is a post-structuralist; he is abandoning the structuralist approach to knowledge as traditionally understood. Derrida now points out the paradox that the center of the structure must be both inside and outside the structure. The word is a play on several other words that illustrate Derrida’s meaning. Freeplay is the disruption of presence. Before the "event", man was the center of … After the "event", however, man could no longer be judged the center of the universe. Play is the exploration of meaning. First of all, because the sheer breadth of experience that the center tries to signify forever lies beyond its grasp. Before the "event", man was the center of all things. Although the structure of knowledge may change over time, the fixed point remains precisely that, a foundation which as Derrida puts it, escapes structurality. Paradoxically, the center is the basis of structured knowledge while at the same time being outside of it. It is in fact the originator of absence and presence. Derrida argues that this centre thereby limits the “free play that it makes possible”, as it stands outside it, is axiomatic – “the Centre is not really the centre”. Iterability is the possibility of repetition. Since for Derrida nothing is outside of differences in presence and absence--the system of difference--then play is that which extends the domains of meaning from the narrative or discoursive structural center thereby opening an infinity of meaning for words and language and concepts. Play is in words. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
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