Oakmoss essential oil is distilled in a number of ways: [1]. Alcohol extraction of the lichen creates a resin and resinoid. Please refer to the Safety Information section below for more information. It is in the Usneaceae family of fruticose lichens. The absolute from benzene extraction is very dark green, viscous or semi-solid, while the absolute from petroleum ether extracted concrete is liquid and brownish-green, less intense in color. Their solubility and great power make them the most popular forms of oakmoss extract. All Rights Reserved. The Absolutes are the most versatile in perfumery use. These are much like the concrete in form and scent. Oakmoss Absolute Uses. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1988), 685-695. Momprepares.com, its parent company, and subsidiaries does not assume liability for any actions taken after visiting these pages and does not assume liability if one misuses essential oils. Whether you create the original blend with undiluted or diluted oakmoss is entirely your choice. The concrete is a dark, semi-solid mass with an extremely earthy scent, while the absolute is a dark green liquid that has more of a mossy smell. 2 It imparts its aroma to fixed oils by gently heating both absolute and carrier oil separately before combining. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 368.]. (In: B.M. [3] Some examples are: Because of the restriction imposed by the IFRA on atranol and chloratranol, it has been difficult to create these classic scents. I'm Wendy, the founder of AromaWeb. Pure, top-grade essential oils sourced from worldwide, native locations are tested for purity. They recommend a dermal maximum of 0.1%. Oakmoss and other lichens have been used in a number of ways throughout history, but rarely medicinally. Oakmoss has been used extensively in the perfume industry. It also encourages your sinus cavities to drain, and this can help you feel better. Best for: Sinus Congestion It can cause uterine contractions which could cause a miscarriage. Lichen Extracts as Raw Materials in Perfumery. Consult a qualified aromatherapy practitioner before using oils with children, the elderly, if you have medical issues or are taking medications. Back when I first began working with essential oils and absolutes, Oakmoss Absolute was much more commonly available. Profiles for several absolutes are included within the directory, and are denoted as such. It is not intended as medical advice and it does not include all possible precautions, side effects, or interactions that may occur. [2]. Essential Oil Safety The IFRA-compliant oakmoss that is increasingly more available is for perfumery purposes and should not be considered for therapeutic purposes. It is featured in many popular high-end perfumes. Numerous safety data sheets of the compliant absolute that we found still show hazards. Its primary benefit lies within its use as a natural fixative within perfumery and natural fragrancing applications. Sources cited in Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. You can use it in aromatherapy or as a massage oil. It blends nicely with almost all essential oils. Lichen foliacé2 CC BY-SA 3.0. Destination Oils Oakmoss essential oil is distilled in a number of ways: Solvent extraction of lichen that has often been soaked in water produces an absolute or a concrete. Own Safety Profiles for 400 Essential Oils and 206 Constituents Ancient Egyptians used lichens like oakmoss to embalm their dead, and many lichens are used as dyes. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, have cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner. I'm keeping this profile available as a way to try to forewarn of the risks when working with Oakmoss Absolute. Neither AromaWeb, LLC nor its founder take responsibility for how you use the information provided. MomPrepares.com © 2020 All Rights Reserved. Oakmoss Absolute smells rich, earthy and woody. This becomes a solid under the right conditions, which can then basically be ‘washed out’ of the oakmoss absolute. As an organic fixative in perfumes, oakmoss oil blends well with floral oils like rose (Rosa damascena) and jasmine (Jasminum officinale), citrus oils like bergamot (Citrus bergamia), spice oils and much more. Author: Valerie Ann Worwood. The scent is used extensively in chypre scents, often characterized by an earthy oakmoss base, a labdanum middle, and citrus top. Oakmoss oil smells like earthy moss with different tones, depending on whether it is the absolute, absolute oil, or the concrete/resin. Oakmoss is not recommended for use by home practitioners because of the high concern of sensitization. There are other allergens in oakmoss that can cause reactions: atranorin, chlor-atranorin, ethyl hematommate and ethyl chloro-hematommate. Oakmoss products blend well with so many groups of perfume materials that it is hard to confine its use to certain mixtures. This process brings the concentration of the atranol and chloratranol down below the IFRA-imposed maximum of 100 ppm. By using AromaWeb, you agree to the full Terms of Use. Part 2: Treemoss. Then dilute it with nine times as much volume of your carrier of choice, either jojoba, or almond oil, or ethanol; an absolute is ten times as strong as an essential oil, so it must be diluted to be used. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 368. Because Oakmoss Absolute poses a higher risk of causing irritation and sensitization, it is recommended that it be avoided in the bath, even if solubilized/diluted. Methyl B-orcinolcarboxylate; Ethyl Everninate; Ethyl Hematonmate; Ethyl Chlorohematommate; Source: Y. Terajima, H. Ichikawa, K. Tokua, et al. Some examples of the dangers of oakmoss are: [6]. D. Joulain, R. Tabbacchi. It can cause serious side effects, like convulsions, dizziness, kidney damage, restlessness, tremors, and vomiting. You should conduct thorough research via multiple sources and consult directly with a qualified doctor before using any essential oil or product. Thujone is also extremely dangerous to anyone pregnant or breastfeeding. By the time you have built a fragrance you will dilute down depending on whether you are aiming for an edt, edp or parfum strength. Source: Y. Terajima, H. Ichikawa, K. Tokua, et al. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. If you have sensitive skin or are prone to allergies, you should avoid oakmoss. Within the scope of natural fragrancing, a fixative is an ingredient that helps to stabilize and prolongue the aroma. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. By using an amino acid, the aldehyde molecules bind together creating a Schiff Base. However, there is a high risk of skin sensitivity when using Oakmoss Absolute, so it's now commercially sold and used far less often. However, essential oil color can vary based on harvesting, distillation, age of the essential oil and other factors. Allergies can also develop over time. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and be sure to first read the recommended dilution ratios for children. They stated that since the constituents are the cause of the widespread allergic reactions, the industry should focus on regulations of the constituents themselves, not on oakmoss absolute in general. Oakmoss Absolute is soluble in alcohol and only partially soluble in fixed (carrier) oils. Mom Prepares is an essential oils and natural living blog. Quantitative Analysis of Oakmoss. Other names for it include treemoss and Mousse de chene. Lawrence, B.D. The essential oil information provided on AromaWeb is intended for educational purposes only. For general dilution information, read AromaWeb's Guide to Diluting Essential Oils. Atranol and chloratranol are the two constituents in oakmoss that cause allergies in a high amount of people tested. Solvent extraction of lichen that has often been soaked in water produces an absolute or a concrete. Personalized customer service. Authors: Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, The Complete Book Of Essential Oils & AromatherapyIncludes 125 Essential Oil Profiles Aromatically, Oakmoss Absolute is a base note that possesses a very deep, earthy aroma. The oil is a thick liquid with a dark brown color and has a deep, sweet earthy scent. Oakmoss Absolute Properties. [7], Another study in 2014 showed that even cosmetics with a reduced amount of atranol and chloratranol could elicit a reaction in anyone that was previously sensitized to the substances. For safe use, please contact your medical practictioner or health care provider. It should not be used by home practitioners. Flavors & Fragrances: A World Perspective. Used at very low dilution in perfumery for its earthy aroma and its properties as a fragrance fixative. If you're new to essential oils, you can download our free eBook: The Beginner's Guide to Essential Oils. There is an absolute oil that is created from the concrete through vacuum distillation. The absolute oil is a viscous yellowish to olive with an earthy bark smell. We bridge the gap between scientific research and the everyday essential oils user. This is sometimes call oak essential oil but should not be confused with white oak bark or oak bark oil, which is commonly used for pain. Plans to ban the use of oakmoss, an essential ingredient of elite perfumes, has thrown the world of fragrance into disarray.
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