Converting carboh­ydrate to ATP is only 64% efficient), - Gives the potential of a system or a rxt tp do useful work, Catabolic reaction (Cellular respir­ation), Energy is released in ATP when a phosphate is broken off, Exergonic reaction (energy is released or lost), breaks down organic compounds, example: glycolysis, Endergonic reaction (energy is added), organic compounds are synthe­sized, example: photos­ynt­hesis, An exergonic reaction provides the energy for an endergonic reaction, Movement of ions across a semipe­rmeable membrane, examples: ETC, Happens in the ETC, phosphate is added to ADP to form ATP, Happens in photos­ynt­hesis, ATP is formed, Adds a phosphate, can still make ATP, occurs in glycolysis & krebs cycle, Needs oxygen, consists of: glycol­ysis, krebs cycle, and the electron transport chain, Oxygen is toxic, consists of: glycol­ysis, fermen­tation (lactic acid + alcoholic), Solved with krebs cycle and/or fermen­tation, Lack of NAD+ = process is not complete, solution is fermen­tation and/or the ETC, 1) For every carbon to carbon bond that is broken, carbon dioxide is released and NADH is reduced, 2) For any rearra­ngement of the carbon chain molecule, the substrate order is as follows: NADH -> ATP -> FADH -> NADH, Occurs in thylakoid (indiv­idual pancakes of the chloro­plast), needs water & sunlight, proces ATP and NADH, In the stroma, needs ATP, NADH, and water, produces 3 PGA (Phoso­gly­ceral Aldehyde), - Peroxi­somes & mitoch­ondria rearrange and split a two carbon compound from the chlorp­olast to release carbon dioxide. ASSOCIATED PRESS STYLE CHEAT SHEET (Compiled with assistance from online resources, including Scribd, Purdue University and Towson University) Abbreviations and Acronyms • As a general rule, use only commonly recognized abbreviations. Windows Terminal Cheat Sheet with all Key Bindings based on Windows Terminal docs. ... this answer key contains. Cheat Sheet for Inferences.pdf: File Size: 92 kb: File Type: pdf: Download File. Metabolism (from the Greek metabole, change) is the totality of an organism’s chemical reactions and is an emergent property of life that arises from orderly interaction between molecules. AP Biology Class notes from Dr. George's class turned into a study guide on Chemistry of life. AP Biology Class notes from Dr. George's class turned into a study guide on Chemistry of life. 1 Page (0) Polymers and Carbs Cheat Sheet. AP Bio Unit 4: Cell Communication and Cell Cycle. Jun 29, 2018 - Explore Jill Saylor's board "Bio cheat sheets", followed by 160 people on Pinterest. By Peter J. Mikulecky, Michelle Rose Gilman, Brian Peterson . 17 May 20. ZS02. Your Download Will Begin Automatically in 5 Seconds.Close, Sum of all chemical reactions ina living thing/­system, You can convert energy from one form to another (Ex. Your Download Will Begin Automatically in 5 Seconds.Close, "­Before nucleu­s", doesn't contain a membrane bound nuceleus, Prokar­yote; Missing link between prokar­yotic and Eukaryota cells, "True nucleu­s", contains a membrane bound nucleus, Eukary­otic; domain containing eukaryotes, Stated that cells make up all living things, Stated "...the vital process of individual cells must form first and is the basis of life", Establ­ished the cell theory with other scientists, 1) All living things are made of cells, cells are the unit of life for all living things, Phosph­olipid bilayer formed by the presence of water due to hydrop­hobic intera­ction, Proteins that go completely through the protein, Surface of the membrane, trigge­r/r­eceptor proteins = transp­ort­s/r­esponds, Keeps the fluid-like charac­ter­istics of the membrane, Ability for a cell/o­rganism to maintain its internal enviro­nment, Movement of a partic­le/­ato­m/m­olecule using a concen­tration gradient, move from an area of high concen­tration to an area of low concen­tration, Movement of water using a concen­tration of water, moving from an area of high water potential to an area of low water potential, Diffusion of a large particle (ex. This is just a extra copy of the formula sheet just in case you've lost your formula sheet that your AP Statistics teacher gave to you. The fact that you’re even considering taking the AP Biology exam means you’re smart, hard-working, and ambitious. Cheatography is sponsored by Readable.com. Check out Readable to make your content and copy more engaging and support Cheatography! Find Test Answers Search for test and quiz questions and answers. Metabolism. AP Bio - Metabolism Cheat Sheet by isabellagates. Click the link below to help us! Laws of Thermo­dyn­amics #1. See more ideas about cheat sheets, ap biology, biology. starch), requires an integral protein but no energy, Also called "­pum­ps", pumps material against concen­tration gradient (low to high), requires a protein and energy, If a cell is hypert­onic, the solution is hypotonic and vice versa, Organisms makes its own foods (photo­syn­thesis), Jelly-like material, cytosol + organelles = cytoplasm, Membrane bound; Function: Synthesize carbs, modify proteins & lipids, Not membrane bound; Function: Synthesize protein, composed of rRNA, Membrane bound; Has two types: 1) Rough - Contains ribosomes, synthe­sizes proteins and lipids 2) Smooth - No ribosomes, synthe­sizes lipids, Double membrane bound; Function: Provides 95% of the cell's energy, Membrane bound; Function: Break down toxins, Membrane bound; Function: Stores water, minerals, etc, Membrane bound; Function: Breakdown organelles and produce digestive enzymes, ONLY IN ANIMAL CELLS, Composed of cellulose & pectin (protein fiber), Double membrane; Function: Photos­ynt­hesis, ONLY IN PLANT CELLS, Double membrane; Function: Store starch, ONLY IN PLANT CELLS, Membrane for large central vacuole (which is ~90% of of plant cells, holds water, ions, salts, and buffers), Found in all cells, Function: Support and hold shape of the cell, organelle placement, move things, 7 nm thick, deals with muscle contra­ctions (actin), 25 nm thick, moves chromo­somes in cell division, Cytoplasm projec­tions, Function: water absorption, Air sacs in the lungs, needs water for gas exchange between blood and the air sac, In small intestine, 1,500 microvilli on villi increases surface area, Cell lyse (lysis -> cell expands and explodes), Cell death, causes thymine dimers (thymine bonds with thymine in DNA), Hormones are estrogen based, possibly causes delayed or early puberty, Also estrogen based, alligators don't develop sexual organs.
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